Nepal is a landlocked country with three clear geographical regions: Himalayan mountains in the north, hills and mountains in the middle and plain land in the south. Administratively, it is divided into 5 regions, 14 zones and 75 districts with 3913 Village Development Committees in the country (Thapa 2003). The population is estimated at 27 million and growing at around 2.5% per year.
Images of Nepal are largely based on the romantic notion of a Shangri-la - ‘Heaven on Earth’ - due to the vast socio-cultural and geographical diversity that is found within a relatively small region. Yet the reality is that Nepal is an extremely poor country that despite four decades of development remains one of the poorest in South Asia with two out of three Nepalese people living in poverty (DFID 2003). Over half of the population lives on less than US$1 a day (Pearson 1999). Per capita income of only $220 per head leaves Nepal ranked as the 12th poorest in the world and the poorest country within South Asia (World Bank 2002). It is ranked at 140th on the Human Development Index (HDR 2004).
Why not go onto the Human Development Report site and find out where it ranks in the world today
The majority of the population live in rural areas and depend upon subsistence agriculture for a livelihood. Forests meet over 90% of Nepal’s energy requirements and the consequent environmental problems in Nepal are well documented (Blaikie et al.. 1980, Metz 1991, Seddon 1993).
According to the World Development Report (2000), agriculture accounted for 67% of GDP.
Can you find out what it is today?
Tourism has become the country’s leading foreign exchange earner, with international arrivals increasing from 6000 in 1962 to almost 260,000 by 1988 (Wells 1993).
Tourism accounts for 7.8% of GDP within Nepal creating over 629,000 jobs (WTTC 2003).
What impact do you think the eathquakes in 2015 had on tourism?
There are lots of powerpoints and lesson plans on the data stick that comes with the Global International Story Sack.
Why not read the story of Fairis and see where he goes in Nepal - through reading about his adventures children learn all about the cultural, religious and geographical diversity that makes Nepal so special.
Fair Connections aims to deepen understanding of what it means to be fair in a globalised world.
Through stories and fairly produced educational material young people are provided with creative ways of thinking through complex issues.
We can help create new exciting connections between different actors working towards a more equitable and just society.
Fair Connections (Global) CIC is a registered Community Interest Company in England and Wales.